Introduction

 
 

Bearing

 
 

Chain and Tape Survey

 
 

Dumpy Level

 
 

Example of Bearing

 
 

Example of Error due to Incorrect Chain

 
 

Global  Positioning System

 
 

Instruments used for Surveying

 
 

Radiation Method of Plane Table

 
 

Scale

 
 

Temporary Adjustment of Compass

 
 

 Temporary Adjustment of Dumpy Level